Famous Chicago Structures
The first of Marshall Field's clocks was installed at the corner of Washington and State Streets on November 26, 1897. The cast bronze clock rests some 17.5 feet above the sidewalk and weighs a hefty 7.75 tons.
Chicago’s Adler Planetarium, which was completed in 1930, was the first major planetariums to be built in the western hemisphere.
Buckingham Fountain, which is located in Grant Park at Congress Parkway and Columbus Drive, is one of the largest fountains in the world. The fountain’s main jet launches a stream of water about 150 feet in the air, and during the display every hour, the fountain uses more than 14,000 gallons of water per minute.
The Museum of Science and Industry was originally known as the Palace of Fine arts, and it is the only surviving building from the 1893 World Columbian Exposition that is still on site. After the world’s fair ended, the building housed the Field Museum of Natural History, but it was later converted into the Museum of Science Museum when the Field Museum was relocated to the Museum Campus in Chicago’s South Loop.
Tribune Tower, home of the Chicago Tribune newspaper, has exterior walls that are embedded with pieces of famous buildings more than a "stone's throw away" from Chicago, including authentic stones from Westminster Abbey, the Alamo, Hamlet's castle, the Great Pyramid, the Taj Mahal, Fort Sumter and the Arc de Triomphe.
The Robie House in Hyde Park is perhaps Chicago’s best example of a “Prairie Style” home designed by famed architect Frank Lloyd Wright. The building is designed in such a way that sunlight doesn’t shine through the windows in the summer, but it does in the winter months.
The Wrigley Building's landmark clock tower is patterned after the Giralda Tower in Spain. Under instructions from William Wrigley, architects designed the Wrigley Building to look like a "luscious birthday cake." In 1946, the Wrigley Building was also the first air conditioned office building.
The Sears Tower was the world’s tallest building from the time it was completed in 1973 until it was surpassed by the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur in 1998. The Sears Tower is still the tallest building in the United States, but it has since been eclipsed in all height categories by the Burj Dibai tower in Dubai.
The Merchandise Mart is the world's largest commercial building with 4.2 million square feet and it is now the world’s largest LEED-certified (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) building.
Chicago's McCormick Place is the largest convention center in North America at 2.2 million square feet.